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  • 什么是保安服务业
  • 本站编辑:浙江护龙保安服务有限公司发布日期:2019-09-19 12:04 浏览次数:

公安部最近发布消息称,《保安服务业管理条例》即将出台,第一次从法律上对诞生22年的保安行业予以规范。

从1984年蛇口成立第一家保安服务公司至今,我国保安业不断发展壮大,年产值已达400亿元。公安部有关数据显示,截至今年上半年,我国已有保安从业人员近400万,其中经公安机关批准的110万,其他实际工作人员还有近300万人。

目前,保安行业已经成为协助公安机关维护社会治安的一支不可缺少的重要力量,仅去年一年,全国就有3018名保安英勇负伤,34名保安牺牲。然而,与此同时,超市保安对顾客强行搜身、物业保安对业主拳脚相加、押运员横冲直撞等事件屡见报端,人们对保安的评价更是毁誉参半。为什么保安不能保平安?这个新兴产业在发展中遇到了怎样的问题?

瓶颈一:文化水平普遍不高

九成初中文化,平均收入低下

中国保安协会最近的统计数据显示,在职保安人员大专以上的仅占0.8%,高中以上的占9%,而初中文化程度的占j了89%。从业人员文化水平不高,成为制约行业发展的瓶颈。

19岁的小孙是杭州市滨江区某公寓的保安,高中没念完就从河北老家来杭州了。“我学习不好,反正也考不上大学,还不如早点出来打工。”说起当初的选择,略显稚气的小孙有一丝无奈。虽然文化水平不能与素质画等号,但这妨碍了他们对法制观念和职业理念的接受,也影响了服务质量。同时,平均收入水平低下,让包括小孙在内的很多保安自觉低人一等,甚至心理失衡。许多人因为待遇低不能安心工作,流失现象严重,较大的流动性加剧了不安因素。

瓶颈二:服务市场鱼龙混杂

审查不严格,上岗少培训

“没参加过什么培训,就是交了点服装费,往这儿一站就行了。”在某超市当保安的小王告诉记者。据记者调查了解,像小王这样穿身制服就上岗的保安不在少数。

近几年,保安服务公司发展迅速,目前已达2300多家。但除了公安机关批准的正规保安服务公司外,还有很多未经批准变相从事保安服务的组织。据有关部门统计,目前全国物业公司中保安员近120万人。这些“杂牌”保安公司招收保安时,没有任何实质性审查,往往泥沙俱下,人员素质良莠不齐;保安上岗时,大多没有经过正规培训,法律意识淡薄,侵犯公民合法权益的行为不时被曝光,损害了整个行业的声誉。

瓶颈三:行业监管明显缺位

依据不明确,监管有漏洞

上海11选5开奖结果有关人士指出,保安服务市场鱼龙混杂,监管部门难辞其咎。但是,目前公安机关管理保安服务工作的主要依据是公安部内部文件,监管缺乏明确的依据。

上海11选5开奖结果目前保安服务公司经营主体混乱,监管很难到位,市场需求与管理的矛盾不断加剧。在这种情况下,脱离监管的保安服务性质的组织大量出现,“杂牌”保安公司扰乱了保安服务市场。

即将出台的《保安服务业管理条例》,力争改变保安业长期无法可依的状况,保障保安业走上更加规范和职业化的道路。

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The ministry of public security recently announced that the regulations on the administration of security services will be issued soon, which will regulate the 22-year old security industry legally for the first time.

Since the establishment of the first security service company in shekou in 1984, China's security industry has been developing and growing, with an annual output value of 40 billion yuan. Statistics from the ministry of public security show that by the first half of this year, China had nearly 4 million security personnel, including 1.1 million approved by the public security organs, and nearly 3 million other actual employees.

At present, the security industry has become an indispensable and important force to assist the public security organs to maintain public order. Last year alone, 3,018 security guards were injured and 34 died. However, at the same time, the supermarket security on customers forced search, property security on the owners of the physical violence, guards rampaging incident reported repeatedly, people on the security of the praise is mixed. Why can't security keep us safe? What problems did this new industry encounter in its development?

Bottleneck a: the general level of education is not high

90% junior high school education, low average income

Recent statistics from the China security association show that only 0. 8%, 9% are above high school, and 89% are junior high school educated. Employees' low level of education has become a bottleneck restricting the development of the industry.

Sun, 19, a security guard at an apartment in hangzhou's binjiang district, came to hangzhou from his hometown in hebei province before finishing high school。 "I don't study well。 I can't get into college anyway。 Speaking of the original choice, slightly show childishness of little sun have a helpless。 Although education level cannot be equated with quality, it hinders their acceptance of legal concept and professional concept, and also affects the quality of service。 At the same time, the low average income level makes many security guards, including sun, feel inferior and even mentally unbalanced。 Many people are unable to concentrate on their work because of the low pay。 The phenomenon of turnover is serious。

Bottleneck two: service market mixed

Review is not strict, less training

上海11选5开奖结果"Didn't attend any training, just pay some clothing fee, go to here a station on the line." In a supermarket when the security wang told reporters. According to the reporter's investigation, the security guard who wears the uniform like xiao wang is not a few.

In recent years, security service companies have developed rapidly, and now there are more than 2,300. But in addition to the formal security services approved by the public security organs, there are many organizations engaged in security services without approval. According to the statistics of the relevant departments, the current national property company security guards nearly 1.2 million. When these "unlicensed" security companies recruit security guards, they do not have any substantive review. When security guards take up their posts, most of them do not have formal training, their legal awareness is weak, and violations of citizens' legitimate rights and interests are exposed from time to time, damaging the reputation of the whole industry.

Bottleneck 3: obvious absence of industry supervision

The basis is not clear, supervision has loopholes

Concerned personage points out, the market of security service is mixed, supervisory branch is culpable. However, at present, the main basis for the public security organs to manage security services is the internal documents of the ministry of public security.

At present, the security service company's business entity is in chaos, supervision is difficult to be in place, and the contradiction between market demand and management is increasingly intensified. In this context, there has been a proliferation of unregulated security service organizations, and "off-brand" security companies have disrupted the security service market.

The regulations on the administration of the security service industry, which will be issued soon, aims to change the situation that the security industry has been unable to rely on for a long time, so as to ensure that the security industry can embark on a more standardized and professional road。

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